Raven – Corvus corax
Ravens are the largest member of the Corvid (crow) family and substantially bigger than the crow, which is the second largest. The raven is also the world’s largest perching bird. Their considerable size, black feathers and powerful beak lend ravens a somewhat sinister appearance and they frequently feature in folklore and literature. In some cultures ravens are seen as a harbinger of death. In fact ravens are highly intelligent birds with a playful and mischievous nature, and the ability to feel empathy with each other. They mate for life.
Adaptable ravens can be found in a variety of habitats and they eat most things including carrion. Long before sanitation ravens were found in large towns and cities, scavenging on dead animals, butchers’ waste and the detritus of human life found in the street. Once widespread, ravens were driven to the west and north of Britain, persecuted by gamekeepers and farmers. Following many years of legal protection ravens are now spreading eastwards to inhabit former haunts.
|Size:||Length 63-68 cm, about the size of a buzzard. They have a wingspan of up to 150cm (nearly 5ft).|
|Description:||Large, powerfully built with black feathers and a substantial bill. They have shaggy feathers at the throat, a long, thick neck and long wings. In flight the tail is a blunt-tipped diamond shape (a crow’s tail is a rounded fan shape).|
|Habitat:||Dense woodland, cliffs and coastal areas, mountainous areas and farmland.|
|Young:||4 to 6 eggs are incubated by the female and hatch after 21 days. The chicks fledge at 35 to 45 days but will be cared for by their parents for a few more weeks.|
|Diet:||Carrion, mammals, birds, eggs, insects.|
|Population:||RSPB estimate 7,400 breeding pairs.|